It is the mantra of the modern city – increased urban space and pedestrian area friendly areas that are well suited to swing over the highway.
But our cities are also being transformed in a more luminous way. Almost unnoticed, our public spaces are increasingly designed to rule out certain types of people considered unwanted.
"It's hidden, it's camouflaged, but its role is to prevent homeless people or people who do activities considered unwanted from loitering," Kim Dovey, a professor of architecture and city design at the University of Melbourne told the news. com.au.
It is called "hostile architecture," and it is very subtle. It's the spikes on elevated surfaces to prevent people from laying down, narrow perch seats on the busstops to do the same raised benches on the benches to counter skateboarding and automatic sprinkler systems that just happen to be placed where people without elsewhere
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"They do this to try to make our homeless invisible so they just bug out somewhere else," said Little.
"It's a pretty awful thing when you not only ignore people who are most vulnerable, but you actually target them, it's not the society we want to live in."
Proposers for behavioral change architecture users the term "defensive" rather than "hostile" and claims that it ensures seats that anyone can use. 19 659012] But you say that, Prof Dovey said that the methods used often had a dual function – an apparently innocent obvious function, but saw a secondary and more controlling goal
"It's holding off grass signs that on one level is designed to protect grass, but it is also to stop people lying on it as if the grass is primarily about looking rather than lying on, "he said.
There are also the benches that now usually have heavy and outstanding metal arm supports.
"They were originally called" fireplaces "which make it hard for people to sleep. It is a means of cleaning the public space."
News.com.au took a trip around Sydney Central Station and found examples of hostile architecture were many.
Within the station were conference benches with metal arm supports; The busy bus stops at the railway station did not have seats, but narrow metal rails to rest on, metal nodes radiated from ledges and in a park outside an office block, which would have given a flat surface with highlighted elevations.
Australia's wide 116,000 people are homeless, an increase of 14 percent from the last census in 2011. About 850 people are homeless in the relatively small city of Sydney more than 300 of them throw their eyes on the streets.
One of them is Ray (who did not want to use his last name), who became homeless eight years ago after his mother's death.
He told news.com.au, he had direct experience with hostile architecture.
"I have just been in a hospital with pneumonia because I had to sleep on the damp floor because of the pillars on the bench," Ray said.
At an apartment in Melbourne, the 60-year-old was under the iconic Princes Bridge when a sprinkler system was lit to wash out the hard sleepers.
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In 2015, the King St Arts Center in Perth struck a snake aimed at a stairwell, after it was set up for sole purposes, scraping the homeless people.
The organization said it had a "duty to care" for the center's users and employees who were "accosted" reported Perth Now .
Regardless of the method used, Ray does not see any of them as positive.
"It is conscious and significant. Nobody uses the armrest on the bench anyway, it's just to stop you lying and it affects your health."
Prof Dovey said the question was complex because public spaces should used by everyone.
"In part, it is the result of a growing corporatization of public spaces where the image of public spaces is linked to the branding of the state and the city."
The huge new Queens Wharf development in the Brisbane CBD, whose centerpiece is a new casino, has been criticized for its explicit use of hostile architecture from the outset.
A report submitted as part of the site development application: "Furniture installed in the area must have features that minimize antisocial behavior. This may include discrete solutions on seating and low walls that minimize the need for skateboard tricks and fixed armrests that prevent sleeping on the furniture. "
Some examples of customizing the urban environment have been common barmy. In 2008, the Rockdale City Council in southern Sydney launched pink light in its parking lot and pumped out hits from Crown Barry Manilow, hoping that it would prevent teenagers from cheating as they would be horrified by the overall dughed atmosphere.
Fast food outlets used hard seating and hope that after 10-15 minutes the wounds will itch on – just enough time to polish a large Mac and large coke.
Prof Dovey said it made the city environment more "brutal". But it did not always have the desired result.
"People find ways around it. I've seen places designed to not be put on, but people bring pillows to overcome it. Metal lugs to stop skateboards often end up being the very challenge skateboarders are looking to do things more interesting, "he said.
However, if cities want to stop people sleeping in the streets, they should provide more accommodation and effective solutions, making it no more difficult for desperate people, says Prof Dovey.
"You must make people sleep in more dangerous situations and places where they could be attacked," he said.
"My view is publicly the space is public space and people have the right to use it in the way they choose. Otherwise, it's not public space at all."